BAGHDAD — Top Iraqi officials called Tuesday for the United States to step up its promised delivery of major arms after an ambush well inside Iraq by suspected Islamist militants that left more than 50 Syrians and a dozen Iraqi troops dead.
The Iraqi government was clearly rattled by Monday’s incident, which seemed to bear out its worst fears that Syria’s civil war would spill into the country.
Two top Iraqi officials said the attackers were almost certainly members of al-Qaida in Iraq or the Nusra Front, one of the most effective groups fighting to topple the regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad. In December, the State Department added Nusra, known in Arabic as Jabhat al-Nusra, to its list of international terrorist organizations, saying it was merely an alias for al-Qaida in Iraq. Nusra has been at the forefront of recent rebel gains in Syria.
Iraqi officials said it was still unknown whether the attackers had crossed from Syria into Iraq to launch the attack or were already in the country. The area where the attack took place, Anbar province, was a stronghold of al-Qaida in Iraq for much of the time that U.S. troops were based in the country.
The assailants used land mines and light arms to attack an Iraqi military convoy that was escorting Syrian civilians and soldiers who had fled to Iraq over the weekend when Nusra fighters seized control of a border crossing. The officials said the assailants had tracked the convoy’s movements, possibly by obtaining military intelligence.
Iraq is treating the incident as a cold-blooded assault on innocent Syrians who’d fled to Iraq for safety.
“It was a massacre of, I would say, innocent Syrians … a terrible breach of security,” Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari told McClatchy Newspapers.
Ali Mousawi, a spokesman for Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, said the United States should immediately give priority to arming Iraq with weapons that the country already had requested so that it could fend off any future incidents.
“We need equipment as fast it was delivered to Turkey,” Mousawi said, referring to the deployment of Patriot anti-missile batteries by the United States and several NATO allies after Syrian missiles landed in Turkish territory.
“They managed to install the Patriot systems within two weeks. We need something like that,” he told McClatchy.
The U.S. Embassy had no immediate comment, but a State Department official in Washington, speaking only on the condition of anonymity because he wasn’t authorized to discuss the subject, said he was unaware of any specific request by Iraq for additional border-security measures.
There was an undertone of bitterness in Zebari’s and Mousawi’s remarks as they spoke of a sluggish response from the Obama administration to repeated requests for faster deliveries of U.S.-supplied arms. Iraq has ordered two squadrons of F-16 combat aircraft and is reported to have discussed the possible purchases of Apache helicopters as well as other equipment.
“We need equipment. We need electronic surveillance. We need an air force,” Zebari said. “We need a border control system. Definitely. We don’t have it. We have only the concrete blocks that the Americans left for us, lined up along the borders.”