A Big Island lawmaker believes it’s “high time” for Hawaii to legalize marijuana.
State Sen. Russell Ruderman, D-Puna, Ka‘u is one of several lawmakers sponsoring legislation this session to make consumption of marijuana legal for anyone over 21.
Ruderman said he is representing the views of his constituency on the issue and believes legalization would save the state millions and benefit the economy, including tourism.
“Fundamentally, it’s time,” he said. “It’s high time.”
If approved by the Legislature and signed by Gov. Neil Abercrombie, Hawaii would become one of the first states to legalize the drug.
Last year, Washington and Colorado became the first to adopt legalization.
Six states, including Hawaii, are considering following suit, said Morgan Fox, spokesman for the Marijuana Policy Project.
Despite uncertainty about the federal government’s response, Fox said momentum appears to be on the side of legalization.
“It’s as good a time as any,” he said. “These changes need to be made now rather than later.”
Fox said he expects at least one more state to adopt legalization this year, though which one remains to be seen.
“I think Hawaii stands a really good chance,” he said. “There’s so much interest in reform and a lot of legislative support as well.”
Hawaii’s Legislature has shown plenty of interest in marijuana this year. Twenty-two marijuana-related bills or resolutions have been introduced so far, with four seeking legalization and another three seeking decriminalization.
Other bills relate to medical marijuana, already legal in the state, and hemp use.
“I think this year there is going to be a serious debate about it for the first time ever,” said Pam Lichty, president of the Drug Policy Action Group.
Lichty attributed Hawaii’s increased interest to legalization in Washington and Colorado.
“It’s no longer theoretical,” she said.
Public sentiment in the state also appears to be on the side of legalization.
A poll conducted recently by the Hawaii American Civil Liberties Union and Drug Policy Action Group found that 57 percent of registered voters in the state support legalization.
Maj. Samuel Thomas of the Hawaii Police Department said legalization would be a mistake and result in harmful impacts on society.
The department will provide testimony against the bills, he said.
“It’s a drug and it’s got drug effects,” Thomas said. “To make it legal would just be more people using something that has control over their lives to some extent,” he added.
Lichty said legalization would provide the state with a new source of revenue.
A study conducted by the Drug Policy Acton Group concluded that up to $20 million per year could be gained through reduced costs and new tax revenue.
Along with providing more money for the state’s coffers, proponents of legalization say it will lead to less crime.
House Minority Leader Rep. Aaron Ling Johanson believes they have it wrong.
“I’d rather exercise more caution than have to worry about controlling the extra societal costs,” he said.
Ruderman said adults should have the choice whether to use the drug, much like with alcohol or tobacco.
“I do think laws should be in place to protect minors,” he said.
Ruderman said he believes the nation is going through a “generational change” on the issue and that it is time to pass the legislation.
“Literally, we’re still fighting Nixon’s drug war,” he said.
Ruderman has also introduced a bill to increase the amount of marijuana plants that can be grown for medicinal purposes from three to 21.
Rep. Faye Hanohano, D-Puna, has introduced a similar bill in the House.
Hanohano and Sen. Malama Solomon, D-Hilo, Hamakua, Kona, Kohala are also co-sponsors of legalization bills.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.